Crime Risk Assessments are an important step in assembling the evidence for a CPTED recommendation or report. Crime Risk Assessments are based on crime statistics for the location - usually reported crime incident data. A standardised risk  format is used to show the likelihood of crimes. It can be a challenge to convert crime statistics to risk likelihood. There is a simple way...

Recent crime research challenges  the assumptions of sustainability agenda and planning policies to promote compact, high-density, mixed-used residential developments in walkable and permeable street networks close to public transport. Secondary aims are to encourage walking and the use of public transport and to reduce car-use, energy use, pollution, congestion and urban sprawl. Although permeability is assumed to represent a positive built environment feature which reduces crime by promoting more ‘eyes on the street’, a significant body of research in the field of environmental criminology challenges these assumptions.

Applying CPTED to the design of public toilet facilities can be straightforward or offer serious challenges!

When public toilets are designed after everything else, CPTED aspects of the design can become difficult. The simple most obvious CPTED principles can also cause problems rather than benefits - there is a need to think!